Sustainable viticulture

Ecology and respect for the environment, but not because it’s trendy.
A special three-way relationship: Vine-man-nature.
Running the vineyards along the lines of sustainable agriculture.

There is much talk about the environment, ecology, zero impact, and so on. We, at Ricci Curbastro, have also been attentive to this for many years and consider it part of us and of our nature as agriculturalists who love our land and its fruits. Ours is an ancient relationship, not a trend.
Since 1992, we apply the EU Regulation 2078/92, which then became EU Regulation 1257/1999 and, in particular, Articles 22, 23, and 24 of the latter that provide for Agri-environmental Measures, meaning "agricultural production methods that are compatible with the needs to safeguard the environment and the care of natural spaces”.
In recent years, we have been committed through the so-called "Measure F" of this Regulation regarding the practice of cultivation and fertilization techniques with lower impact, practically:
-we have not at all used weed killers or herbicides for over twenty years;
- treatment for the vines against downy mildew and powdery mildew are carried out according to a strict standard that includes using very few mineral products, not synthetic ones, and following a schedule of interventions dictated by our weather hut, therefore, when actually needed and not according to a fixed timetable that does not take into account weather conditions and requires more treatments for the vineyard;

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-fertilization is carried out only after the soil is analyzed, therefore, according to the actual needs of each individual vineyard;
- the grass is not cut between the rows of vines, in order to reduce machine processes, erosion, and leaching, therefore, restoring humus to the soil by grass cutting.
Furthermore, always in compliance with the above stated Regulation, the limited arable land of the company that has remained (we have, by now, planted almost all of our land with vineyards, with more than 27.5 hectares, 68 acres ), has been turned into permanent grassland, and hedges (mainly hawthorn) were maintained or recreated along the vineyards, along with rows of trees (mulberry, oak, and chestnut), so as to maintain the landscape, but also provide hospitality to wildlife (insects, birds, and small mammals), which is useful for biodiversity and the fight against vine parasites.
The artificial nests, already placed in several vineyards, attract birds that are typical of the areas planted with vines, such as Great Tits and Redstarts. The presence of these insectivores in vineyards, with their predatory activities towards damaging insects, helps the biological equilibrium and its stability over time.